The provision of parking at airports is an essential service for travellers, customers, employees, visitors, and meet-&-greeters. Private cars are the most popular form of transportation to and from airports, providing both convenience and flexibility. However, employee parking can significantly impact the overall parking capacity and retail revenue airports earn.
The number of airport staff and workers who commute daily to an airport represents, on average, from one quarter to up to half of the daily number of passengers, so the impact this has on its parking infrastructure is critical.
When planning for airport parking, the projected number of flights and operations are considered, but few people know the significant role that the number of employees who will be using the parking facilities plays. This can create a shortfall in parking capacity and, of course, reduce the retail parking revenue, which on average, for European airports, is estimated to account for 14% of the airport revenue.
Parking for employees is usually paid by their employer but at a heavily discounted rate from the retail price. Staff parking requirements depend on the size of the airport and the number of passengers. The range of parking spots dedicated to staff normally varies from 25-45% of the total number of employees. Shift work causes many employees to arrive at the same time. Until the previous shift ends, the parking spots can not be freed; therefore, it is necessary to have enough capacity to manage the overlapping shift changes. Generally, the estimated stay for staff parking is 8-12 hours, with aircraft crews being the most notable exception. The total number of staff parking needed changes with the number of employees per shift and also following weekly and seasonal fluctuations, but naturally, the more passengers, the more staff required, so passenger peak times coincide with peak staff on-site.