Jakarta is the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia. As the capital city, Jakarta is a melting pot of various ethnic groups’ representatives, such as Javanese, Sundanese, Bugis, Minang, Chinese, Arab and many more. Jakarta has an estimated population of 10,075,310 (2014) with population density 4,383.53 / km2. It is center for Indonesia’s economics, culture and politics. Known as the twelfth largest city in the world, Jakarta metropolitan area is also known as Jabodetabek. This area is the sixth-largest in the world. Jakarta was formerly known as Sunda Kelapa (397-1527), Jayakarta (1527-1619), Batavia (1619-1942), and Djakarta (1942-1972).
Jakarta is subject to a tropical climate with air temperatures ranging between minimum of 25°C to maximum of 35°C and air humidity varies between 75 and 85 percent.
Nowadays, Jakarta is the country’s administrative, commercial, industrial, and transportation center and is known to have the largest and the most comprehensive communication networks in Southeast Asia. Jakarta also possess special territory status having the privilege like a province, consisting of Greater Jakarta, covering of 637.44 square km area. This capital city is grouped into five city administrative areas and one district administrative area.As a big city, Jakarta has numerous luxury shopping malls which have become the city’s most popular hang-out spots. Asides from the shopping malls, Jakarta also offers various kinds of interesting destinations:
- Historical Monuments & Buildings. Eg: National Monument (Monas), Old Town (Kota Tua)
- Entertainment parks & resorts. Eg: Ancol, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII)
- Eg: Taman Menteng, Taman Suropati & Ragunan Zoo
- Eg: Museum Nasional, Museum Bahari, Museum, Fatahillah
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago with over 17,500 islands. The country consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups which are located across the equator. This largest archipelago is on a crossroads between two oceans, the Pacific and the Indian Ocean, and bridges two continents, Asia and Australia which is extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) east to west. The territory of the Republic of Indonesia stretches from 6°08′ N latitude to 11°15′ S latitude and from 94°45′ E to 141°05′ E longitude. Total Area of Indonesia is 1,919,440 sq km (Land Area: 1,826,440 sq km; Water Area: 93,000 sq km). Indonesia is a tropical island which has coconut trees, white sand beaches, marine parks, volcanoes, and great adventure from jungles, volcanoes and also sandy beaches. The country is also well-known for its vast mineral, oil, and gas resources, and world famous coffee and tea.
Indonesia is divided into three Standard Time Zones. The first cluster is Sumatra, Java and West & Central Kalimantan which are 7 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+7). The second one is Bali, Nusa Tenggara, South & East Kalimantan and Sulawesi which are 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+8). The last one is Irian Jaya and Maluku which are 9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+9). Indonesia is not only the world’s largest archipelago, but also the world’s fourth most populace country. Its wide diversity is reflected by a total population of around 250 million people from more than 200 ethnic groups speaking more than 300 different languages. The official language in Indonesia is Bahasa Indonesia. In this country, there are five official religions which are Muslims (more than 80%), Christians, Catholics, Hindus, and Buddhists. The official language in Indonesia is Bahasa Indonesia.
Economy of Indonesia is mainly based on agriculture and oil. Approximately 90% of the population is engaged in agriculture. As a country which is located in tropical area, Indonesia has extensive natural resources, including crude oil, natural gas, tin, copper, and gold. This country is also famous for the handicraft products. Common handicraft practices here are: woodcarvings for ornamentation and furniture, silverwork and engraving from Yogyakarta and Sumatra; filigree from South Sulawesi and Bali with different styles of clay, sandstone and wood sculptures. Batik fashion which is famous in the world is originated from Indonesia. Several popular Batik centers in Indonesia are located in Jogjakarta, Surakarta, Pekalongan and Cirebon.
In the past few years, the Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibition (M.I.C.E) industry in Indonesia has grown significantly. With the fact that Indonesia is the largest and most populous country in Southeast Asia and the dynamic economic development in the country, it is becoming a very attractive market to the international world. With the constant growth, Indonesia is rapidly rising into Southeast Asia’s largest economy.